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Features on the Moon

The Moon's surface is covered in many interesting geologic features. In addition to mountains, valleys, and craters, the following surface features have received names in the Lunar nomenclature. Many of these features are named after a nearby crater or mountain.

The listed diameter for these features is the longest dimension that contains the entire geological formation. The latitude and longitude are in selenographic coordinates.

Albedo

These features are notable for their high albedo compared to the surrounding terrain.

Name

Coordinates

Diameter

Name Origin

Reiner Gamma

7.5° N 59.0° W

70.0 km

After nearby Reiner crater

Note: On the far side of the Moon there are unnamed albedo features on Mare Ingenii and Mare Marginis. These are located antipodal to the Mare Imbrium and Mare Orientale impact basins.

Catena

A Catena is a chain of craters.

Name

Coordinates

Diameter

Name Origin

Catena Abulfeda

16.9° S 17.2° E

219 km

After nearby Abulfeda crater

Catena Artamonov

26.0° N 105.9° E

134 km

After nearby Artamonov crater

Catena Brigitte

18.5° N 27.5° E

5 km

French feminine name

Catena Davy

11.0° S 7.0° W

50 km

After nearby Davy crater

Catena Dziewulski

19.0° N 100.0° E

80 km

After nearby Dziewulski crater

Catena Gregory

0.6° S 129.9° E

152 km

After nearby Gregory crater

Catena Humboldt

21.5° S 84.6° E

165 km

After nearby Humboldt crater

Catena Krafft

15.0° N 72.0° W

60 km

After nearby Krafft crater

Catena Kurchatov

37.2° N 136.3° E

226 km

After nearby Kurchatov crater

Catena Leuschner

4.7° N 110.1° W

364 km

After nearby Leuschner crater

Catena Littrow

22.2° N 29.5° E

10 km

After nearby Littrow crater

Catena Lucretius

3.4° S 126.1° W

271 km

After nearby Lucretius crater

Catena Mendeleev

6.3° N 139.4° E

188 km

After nearby Mendeleev crater

Catena Michelson

1.4° N 113.4° W

456 km

After nearby Michelson crater

Catena Pierre

19.8° N 31.8° W

9 km

French masculine name

Catena Sumner

37.3° N 112.3° E

247 km

After nearby Sumner crater

Catena Sylvester

81.4° N 86.2° E

173 km

After nearby Sylvester crater

Catena Taruntius

3.0° N 48.0° E

100 km

After nearby Taruntius crater

Catena Timocharis

29.0° N 13.0° W

50 km

After nearby Timocharis crater

Catena Yuri

24.4° N 30.4° W

5 km

Russian masculine name

Dorsa

These features are wrinkle-ridge systems commonly found on Lunar maria.

Name

Coordinates

Dia.

Name Origin

Dorsa Aldrovandi

24.0° N 28.5° E

136 km

Ulissi Aldrovandi (1522-1605)

Dorsa Andrusov

1.0° S 57.0° E

160 km

Nicolai Ivanovich Andrusov (1861-1924)

Dorsa Argand

28.1° N 40.6° W

109 km

Emile Argand (1879-1940)

Dorsa Barlow

15.0° N 31.0° E

120 km

William Barlow (1845-1934)

Dorsa Burnet

28.4° N 57.0° W

194 km

Thomas Burnet (1635-1715)

Dorsa Cato

1.0° N 47.0° E

140 km

Cato the Elder (234-149 B.C.)

Dorsa Dana

3.0° N 90.0° E

70 km

James Dwight Dana (1813-1895)

Dorsa Ewing

10.2° S 39.4° W

141 km

William Maurice Ewing (1906-1974)

Dorsa Geikie

4.6° S 52.5° E

228 km

Sir Archibald Geikie (1835-1924)

Dorsa Harker

14.5° N 64.0° E

197 km

Alfred Harker (1859-1939)

Dorsa Lister

20.3° N 23.8° E

203 km

Martin Lister (1639-1712)

Dorsa Mawson

7.0° S 53.0° E

132 km

Douglas Mawson (1882-1958)

Dorsa Rubey

10.0° S 42.0° W

100 km

William Walden Rubey (1898-1974)

Dorsa Smirnov

27.3° N 25.3° E

156 km

Sergei Sergeevich Smirnov (1895-1947)

Dorsa Sorby

19.0° N 14.0° E

80 km

Henry Clifton Sorby (1826-1908)

Dorsa Stille

27.0° N 19.0° W

80 km

Hans Stille (1876-1966)

Dorsa Tetyaev

19.9° N 64.2° E

176 km

Mikhail Mikhailovich Tetyaev (1882-1956)

Dorsa Whiston

29.4° N 56.4° W

85 km

William Whiston (1667-1752)

Dorsum

These features are wrinkle-ridges commonly found on lunar maria.

Name

Coordinates

Dia.

Name Origin

Dorsum Arduino

24.9° N 35.8° W

107 km

Giovanni Arduino (1714-1795)

Dorsum Azara

26.7° N 19.2° E

105 km

Félix Manuel de Azara (1746-1811)

Dorsum Bucher

31.0° N 39.0° W

90 km

Walter Hermann Bucher (1889-1965)

Dorsum Buckland

20.4° N 12.8° E

380 km

William Buckland (1784-1856)

Dorsum Cayeux

1.6° N 51.2° E

84 km

Lucien Cayeux (1864-1944)

Dorsum Cloos

1.0° N 91.0° E

100 km

Hans Cloos (1885-1951)

Dorsum Cushman

1.0° N 49.0° E

80 km

Joseph Augustine Cushman (1881-1949)

Dorsum Gast

24.0° N 9.0° E

60 km

Paul Werner Gast (1930-1973)

Dorsum Grabau

29.4° N 15.9° W

121 km

Amadeus William Grabau (1870-1946)

Dorsum Guettard

10.0° S 18.0° W

40 km

Jean-Etienne Guettard (1715-1786)

Dorsum Heim

32.0° N 29.8° W

148 km

Albert Heim (1849-1937)

Dorsum Higazy

28.0° N 17.0° W

60 km

Riad Higazy (1919-1967)

Dorsum Nicol

18.0° N 23.0° E

50 km

William Nicol (1768-1851)

Dorsum Niggli

29.0° N 52.0° W

50 km

Paul Niggli (1888-1953)

Dorsum Oppel

18.7° N 52.6° E

268 km

Albert Oppel (1831-1865)

Dorsum Owen

25.0° N 11.0° E

50 km

George Owen (1552-1613)

Dorsum Scilla

32.8° N 60.4° W

108 km

Agostino Scilla (1639-1700)

Dorsum Termier

11.0° N 58.0° E

90 km

Pierre-Marie Termier (1859-1930)

Dorsum Thera

24.4° N 31.4° W

7 km

Greek feminine name

Dorsum Von Cotta

23.2° N 11.9° E

199 km

Carl Bernard von Cotta (1808-1879)

Dorsum Zirkel

28.1° N 23.5° W

193 km

Ferdinand Zirkel (1838-1912)

Promontorium

These features form a cape or headland on a maria.

Name

Coordinates

Dia.

Name Origin

Promontorium Agarum

14.0° N 66.0° E

70 km

Named from a cape in the Sea of Azov

Promontorium Agassiz

42.0° N 1.8° E

20 km

Jean Louis Rodolphe Agassiz (1807-1873)

Promontorium Archerusia

16.7° N 22.0° E

10 km

Named from a cape on the Black Sea

Promontorium Deville

43.2° N 1.0° E

20 km

Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville (1814-1876)

Promontorium Fresnel

29.0° N 4.7° E

20 km

Augustin Jean Fresnel (1788-1827)

Promontorium Heraclides

40.3° N 33.2° W

50 km

Heraclides Ponticus

Promontorium Kelvin

27.0° S 33.0° W

50 km

William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin (1824-1907)

Promontorium Laplace

46.0° N 25.8° W

50 km

Pierre Simon Laplace (1749-1827)

Promontorium Taenarium

19.0° S 8.0° W

70 km

Named from cape in Greece

Rima

These features are lunar rilles.

Name

Coordinates

Dia.

Name Origin

Rima Agatharchides

20.0° S 28.0° W

50 km

Named from nearby Agatharchides crater

Rima Agricola

29.0° N 53.0° W

110 km

Named from nearby Montes Agricola

Rima Archytas

53.0° S 3.0° E

90 km

Named from nearby Archytas crater

Rima Ariadaeus

6.4° N 14.0° E

250 km

Named from nearby Ariadaeus crater

Rima Billy

15.0° S 48.0° W

70 km

Named from nearby Billy crater

Rima Birt

21.0° S 9.0° W

50 km

Named from nearby Birt crater

Rima Bradley

23.8° N 1.2° W

161 km

Named from nearby Mons Bradley

Rima Brayley

21.4° N 37.5° W

311 km

Named from nearby Brayley crater

Rima Calippus

37.0° N 13.0° E

40 km

Named from nearby Calippus crater

Rima Cardanus

11.4° N 71.5° E

175 km

Named from nearby Cardanus crater

Rima Carmen

19.8° N 29.3° E

10 km

Spanish feminine name

Rima Cauchy

10.5° N 38.0° E

140 km

Named from nearby Cauchy crater

Rima Cleomedes

27.0° N 57.0° E

80 km

Within Cleomedes crater

Rima Cleopatra

30.0° N 53.8° W

14 km

Greek feminine name

Rima Conon

18.6° N 2.0° E

30 km

Named from nearby Conon crater

Rima Dawes

17.5° N 26.6° E

15 km

Named from nearby Dawes crater

Rima Delisle

31.0° N 32.0° W

60 km

Named from nearby Delisle crater

Rima Diophantus

29.0° N 33.0° W

150 km

Named from nearby Diophantus crater

Rima Draper

18.0° N 25.0° W

160 km

Named from nearby Draper crater

Rima Euler

21.0° N 31.0° W

90 km

Named from nearby Draper crater

Rima Flammarion

2.8° S 5.6° W

80 km

Named from nearby Flammarion crater

Rima Furnerius

35.0° S 61.0° E

50 km

Within Furnerius crater

Rima G. Bond

33.3° N 35.5° E

168 km

Named from nearby G. Bond crater

Rima Galilaei

11.9° N 58.5° W

89 km

Named from nearby Galilaei crater

Rima Gärtner

59.0° N 63.0° E

30 km

Within Gärtner crater

Rima Gay-Lussac

13.0° N 22.0° W

40 km

Named from nearby Gay-Lussac crater

Rima Hadley

25.0° N 3.0° E

80 km

Named from nearby Mons Hadley

Rima Hansteen

12.0° S 53.0° W

25 km

Named from nearby Hansteen crater

Rima Hesiodus

30.0° S 20.0° W

256 km

Named from nearby Hesiodus crater

Rima Hyginus

7.4° N 7.8° E

219 km

Named from nearby Hyginus crater

Rima Jansen

14.5° N 29.0° E

35 km

Named from nearby Jansen crater

Rima Krieger

29.0° N 45.6° W

22 km

Named from nearby Krieger crater

Rima Mairan

38.0° N 47.0° W

90 km

Named from nearby Mairan crater

Rima Marcello

18.6° N 27.7° E

2 km

Italian masculine name

Rima Marius

16.5° N 48.9° W

121 km

Named from nearby Marius crater

Rima Messier

1.0° S 45.0° E

100 km

Named from nearby Messier crater

Rima Milichius

8.0° N 33.0° W

100 km

Named from nearby Milichius crater

Rima Oppolzer

1.7° S 1.0° E

94 km

Named from nearby Oppolzer crater

Rima Réaumur

3.0° S 3.0° E

30 km

Named from nearby Réaumur crater

Rima Reiko

18.6° N 27.7° E

2 km

Japanese feminine name

Rima Rudolf

19.6° N 29.6° E

8 km

German masculine name

Rima Schröter

1.0° N 6.0° W

40 km

Named from nearby Schröter crater

Rima Sharp

46.7° N 50.5° W

107 km

Named from nearby Sharp crater

Rima Sheepshanks

58.0° N 24.0° E

200 km

Named from nearby Sheepshanks crater

Rima Siegfried

25.9° S 103.0° E

14 km

German masculine name

Rima Suess

6.7° N 48.2° E

165 km

Named from nearby Suess crater

Rima Sung-Mei

24.6° N 11.3° E

4 km

Chinese feminine name

Rima T. Mayer

13.0° N 31.0° W

50 km

Named from nearby T. Mayer crater

Rima Vladimir

25.2° N 0.7° W

14 km

Slavic masculine name

Rima Wan-Yu

20.0° N 31.5° W

12 km

Chinese feminine name

Rima Yangel'

16.7° N 4.6° E

30 km

Named from nearby Yangel' crater

Rima Zahia

25.0° N 29.5° W

16 km

Arabic feminine name

Rimae

These features are lunar rille systems.

Name

Coordinates

Dia.

Name Origin

Rimae Alphonsus

14.0° S 2.0° W

80 km

Within Alphonsus crater

Rimae Apollonius

5.0° N 53.0° E

230 km

Named from nearby Apollonius crater

Rimae Archimedes

26.6° N 4.1° W

169 km

Named from nearby Archimedes crater

Rimae Aristarchus

26.9° N 47.5° W

121 km

Named from nearby Aristarchus crater

Rimae Arzachel

18.0° S 2.0° W

50 km

Within Arzachel crater

Rimae Atlas

47.5° N 43.6° E

60 km

Within Atlas crater

Rimae Bode

10.0° N 4.0° W

70 km

Named from nearby Bode crater

Rimae Boscovich

9.8° N 11.1° E

40 km

Within Boscovich crater

Rimae Chacornac

29.0° N 32.0° E

120 km

Named from nearby Chacornac crater

Rimae Daniell

37.0° N 26.0° E

200 km

Named from nearby Daniell crater

Rimae Darwin

19.3° S 69.5° W

143 km

Named from nearby Darwin crater

Rimae Doppelmayer

25.9° S 45.1° W

162 km

Named from nearby Doppelmayer crater

Rimae Focas

28.0° S 98.0° W

100 km

Named from nearby Focas crater

Rimae Fresnel

28.0° N 4.0° E

90 km

Named from nearby Fresnel promontorium

Rimae Gasparis

24.6° S 51.1° W

93 km

Named from nearby De Gasparis crater

Rimae Gassendi

18.0° S 40.0° W

70 km

Within Gassendi crater

Rimae Gerard

46.0° N 84.0° W

100 km

Named from nearby Gerard crater

Rimae Goclenius

8.0° S 43.0° E

240 km

Named from nearby Goclenius crater

Rimae Grimaldi

9.0° N 64.0° W

230 km

Named from nearby Grimaldi crater

Rimae Hypatia

0.4° S 22.4° E

206 km

Named from nearby Hypatia crater

Rimae Janssen

45.6° S 40.0° E

114 km

Named from nearby Janssen crater

Rimae Kopff

17.4° S 89.6° W

41 km

Named from nearby Kopff crater

Rimae Liebig

20.0° S 45.0° W

140 km

Named from nearby Liebig crater

Rimae Littrow

22.1° N 29.9° E

115 km

Named from nearby Littrow crater

Rimae Maclear

13.0° S 20.0° E

110 km

Named from nearby Maclear crater

Rimae Maestlin

2.0° N 40.0° W

80 km

Named from nearby Maestlin crater

Rimae Maupertuis

52.0° N 23.0° W

84 km

Named from nearby Maupertuis crater

Rimae Menelaus

17.2° N 17.9° E

131 km

Named from nearby Menelaus crater

Rimae Mersenius

21.5° S 49.2° W

84 km

Named from nearby Mersenius crater

Rimae Opelt

13.0° S 18.0° W

70 km

Named from nearby Opelt crater

Rimae Palmieri

28.0°° S 47.0° W

150 km

Named from nearby Palmieri crater

Rimae Parry

6.1° S 16.8° W

82 km

Named from nearby Parry crater

Rimae Petavius

25.9° S 58.9° E

80 km

Named from nearby Petavius crater

Rimae Pettit

23.0° S 92.0° W

450 km

Named from nearby Pettit crater

Rimae Pitatus

28.5° S 13.8° W

94 km

Named from nearby Pitatus crater

Rimae Plato

52.9° N 3.2° W

87 km

Named from nearby Plato crater

Rimae Plinius

17.9° N 23.6° E

124 km

Named from nearby Plinius crater

Rimae Posidonius

32.0° N 28.7° E

70 km

Named from nearby Posidonius crater

Rimae Prinz

27.0° N 43.0° W

80 km

Named from nearby Prinz crater

Rimae Ramsden

33.9° S 31.4° W

108 km

Named from nearby Ramsden crater

Rimae Repsold

50.6° N 81.7° W

166 km

Named from nearby Repsold crater

Rimae Riccioli

2.0° N 74.0° W

400 km

Named from nearby Riccioli crater

Rimae Ritter

3.0° N 18.0° W

100 km

Named from nearby Ritter crater

Rimae Römer

27.0° N 35.0° W

110 km

Named from nearby Römer crater

Rimae Secchi

1.0° N 44.0° W

35 km

Named from nearby Secchi crater

Rimae Sirsalis

15.7° S 61.7° W

426 km

Named from nearby Sirsalis crater

Rimae Sosigenes

8.6° N 18.7° E

190 km

Named from nearby Sosigenes crater

Rimae Sulpicius Gallus

21.0° N 10.0° E

90 km

Named from nearby Sulpicius Gallus crater

Rimae Taruntius

5.5° N 46.5° E

25 km

Named from nearby Taruntius crater

Rimae Theaetetus

33.0° N 6.0° E

50 km

Named from nearby Theaetetus crater

Rimae Triesnecker

4.3° N 4.6° E

215 km

Named from nearby Triesnecker crater

Rimae Vasco da Gama

10.0° N 82.0° E

60 km

Named from nearby Vasco da Gama crater

Rimae Zupus

15.0° S 53.0° W

120 km

Named from nearby Zupus crater

Rupes

These are escarpments in the surface.

Name

Coordinates

Dia.

Name Origin

Rupes Altai

24.3° S 22.6° E

427.0 km

Altai Mountains

Rupes Boris

30.5° N 33.5° W

4.0 km

Named from nearby Boris crater

Rupes Cauchy

9.0° N 37.0° E

120.0 km

Named from nearby Cauchy crater

Rupes Kelvin

27.3° S 33.1° W

78.0 km

Named from nearby Promontorium Kelvin

Rupes Liebig

25.0° S 46.0° W

180.0 km

Named from nearby Liebig crater

Rupes Mercator

31.0° S 22.3° W

93.0 km

Named from nearby Mercator crater

Rupes Recta

22.1° S 7.8° W

134.0 km

Latin for "straight cliff"

Rupes Toscanelli

27.4° N 47.5° W

70.0 km

Named from nearby Toscanelli crater

Terra

The continental areas between the seas were given comparable names by Giovanni Battista Riccioli, but were opposite the names used for the seas. Thus there were the lands of sterility (Terra Sterilitatis), heat (Terra Caloris), and liveliness (Terra Vitae). However these names for the highland regions are no longer used on recent maps, and Terrae are not officially recognized as standard lunar nomenclature by the International Astronomical Union.

Name

Name Origin

Near side position

Insula Ventorum

Island of Winds

 

Peninsula Fulminu

Peninsula of Thunder

Between Mare Humorum and Oceanus Procellarum.

Terra Caloris

Land of Heat

Southwest rim of the near side.

Terra Fertilitatis

Land of Fertility

Southeastern rim of the near side.

Terra Grandinis

Land of Hail

Northeast border of Mare Imbrium.

Terra Manna

Land of Manna

Region between Mare Tranquillitatis, Mare Fecunditatis and Mare Nectaris.

Terra Niuiu (Terra Nivium)

Land of Snows

Southeast border of Mare Imbrium.

Terra Pruinæ

Land of Frost

Northwest border of Mare Imbrium.

Terra Sanitatis

Land of Healthiness

Central region between Mare Nubium and Mare Tranquillitatis.

Terra Siccitatis

Land of Dryness

Northwest rim of the near side.

Terra Sterilitatis

Land of Sterility

 

Terra Vigoris

Land of Cheerfulness

Region southeast of Mare Crisium.

Terra Vitæ

Land of Liveliness

Northeast rim of the near side.

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